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Amar Singh Gate

Introduction
Agra tourism Amar Singh Gate is an important Agra Fort attraction. It is the southern gateway of Agra fort, originally known as 'Akbar Darwaza' and was reserved as the main entrance of Mughal emperor Akbar and his personal entourage. Later it was renamed as Amar Singh Gate in Agra fort. Their is little bit confusion about who renamed it from Akbar Darwaza to Amar Singh Gate. Rao Amar Singh Rathore was Jagirdaar of Nagaur, entitled by Mughal ruler, due to his gallantry skills and service towards Mughal kingdom. In an unfortunate incident, when Amar Singh Rathore was in Agra fort, Salabat Khan, who was chief treasurer of Mughal Kingdom, asked Amar Singh to submit a penalty amount because of his unauthorized absence during emperor's visit to some place, in past. Here notable thing is that Salabat Khan was also the brother-in-law of emperor Shah Jahan. He was envious of Amar Singh because he was Hindu, a Rajput and lives while maintaining his self dignity and self-respect. Raise of a Hindu to high rank status in Mughal kingdom was intolerant to other Muslim ministers & officers. Salabat Khan asked Amar Singh to submit the penalty amount then and their and till fine amount is not submitted, he was not allowed to leave the place. Being a notified Jagirdar of Nagaur, declared by Mughal court and maintaining high rank status, Amar Singh Rathore taken this treatment as his insult. This created a disputed situation and heated arguments in between them. Amar Singh felt dishonored and thus in order to punish Salabat Khan, he drew his sword and killed Salabat Khan, on the spot. Other nearby soldiers tried to arrest him but he manage to escape from the site by single-handedly killing them all. On getting the news, furious emperor ordered for immediate execution of Amar Singh Rathore. Some historian are of belief that Amar Singh was executed then & their in fort, near Amar Singh gate while some are of belief that he manage to returned back to his home and later treacherously killed in fort by calling him, through his relative, to fort to explain the case and get emperor mercy. Later that relative was also killed. This shows that although Mughals talk about secularism for sake of maintaining their kingdom but inherently policy of intolerance prevails in their mindset.

Renaming of Gate
Some historian are of believe that later Shah Jehan realized his mistake and impressed from the bravery of Amar Singh Rathore, he renamed the gate from Akbar Darwaza to Amar Singh Gate. But other historian are of belief that Shah Jahan has taken all this incident as insult of Mughal Kingdom and ceased the usage of this gate, through which a Rajput manage to escaped despite of presence of so many Mughal soldiers. This has also raised question mark on their security system. It was Britishers who renamed the gate as "Amar Singh Gate", in order to honor the bravery of this great personality. On reading about both the version, it seems difficult to believe that Shah Jahan could have renamed it as Salabat Khan was not only Chief Treasurer but also his brother-in-law and incident puts question mark on Mughals security system.

About Gate
The plan of this Gate is just similar to that of the Delhi Gate and it also has a drawbridge over the trench. The mian entrance from the Hathi Pol has an open space at the Delhi Gate but here it is given a beautiful court with colonnades overhanging it. It is more adequately protected than the Delhi Gate. But the projections of the Akbari Darwaza are smaller and less ornately finished. The lower portions are divided into oblong and arched panels that are covered with glazed tiles in beautiful geometrical designs in blue, green, yellow and white colors. The panels of the upper parts are plain. Each projection is covered by a chhatri made of heavy piers instead of slender pillars, a circular chajja and with an inverted lotus hemispherical cupola. The cupola was originally decorated with glazed tiles, whose remains are visible at some places. With the entering the barbican of the southern Gate, one faces a tall multi-storied Gate of red-sandstone on the eastern side. It is an entrance with small point arches. The Gate is built over a high mounting with a rectangular small platform supported on stone brackets. The arch is outlined by white marble inlay work of geometrical design. The surface of the Gate is flanked by two arched panels decorated with marble inlay. There are square panels on both sides over which there is a long rectangular panel with six small holes over which are three loopholes of temple shikhar design with a parapet of wide flame design. The interior of the Gate has colonnades with a rectangular super structure with parapet battlement. The quadrangle has arcades with series of arched spaces. While visiting Agra fort, one should must visit this gate as it has witnessed the a historic incident.

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