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Samman Burj

Samman Burj Agra Fort Samman Burj is also known by the name of Musamman Burj. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved wife "Mumtaz Mahal". It is counted among most popular Agra fort attractions. During Agra fort sightseeing, tourists are recommended to visit this palace as it is very elegantly designed and offers scenic view of Taj Mahal and Yamuna river. This beautiful palace surmounts the largest bastion of Agra Fort on the riverside, facing the east. It was originally built of red stone by Akbar who used it for Jharokha Darshan. As well as for sun worship, every day at sun rise. Jehangir also used it as Jharokha, as is faithfully shown in his painting made in 1620. He also instituted his 'Adl-I-Zanjir' (The Chain of Justice) on its southside. Owing to its octagonal plan, it was called 'Muthamman-Burj'. As recorded by the contemporary Historian Lahauri. It was rebuilt with white marble by Shah Jahan around 1632-40 for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. He also used it for Jharokha Darshan which was an indispensable a Mughal institution as was 'Durbar'. It is an octagonal building, five external sides of which, making a Dalan overlook the river. Each side has pillars and brackets openings. The eastern-most side projects forward and accommodates a Jharokha majestically on the western side of this palace is a spacious dalan with Shah-Nashin (Alcoves). A shallow water basin (Kunda) is sunk in its pavement. It is decorously inlaid. The decoration of the wall is Pietra Dura. This dalan opens on a court which has a chabutara projected by a jali screen, on its northern side; series of rooms leading to Shish Mahal on its western side; and a colonnaded Dalan with a room attached to it on the southern side. It is thus a large complex entirely built of white marble. It has deep niches on the walls, to break the monotony. It is one of the most profusely ornamented buildings of Shah Jehan. This palace was directly connected to the Diwan-I-Khas, Shish-Mahal, Khas-Mahal and other palaces. And it was from here that the Mughal emperor governed the whole country. The Taj Mahal is in full view from this tower and Shah Jehan spent eight years of his confinement (1658-66) in this complex, and he died here. His body was taken by boat to the Taj Mahal and buried.

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