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Fatehpur Sikri Architecture

Introduction
Agra tourism Here we have discussed Fatehpur Sikri architecture information. Fatehpur Sikri sits on rocky ridge, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) in length and 1 km (0.62 mi) wide and palace city is surrounded by a 6 km (3.7 mi) wall on three sides with the fourth bordered by a lake. It was constructed using Indian principles. Influences from Hindu and Jain architecture are seen hand in hand with Islamic elements. This was because native craftsman were used for the construction of the building. The building material used in all the buildings at Fatehpur Sikri, palace-city complex, is the locally quarried red sandstones, known as 'Sikri sandstone'. It is accessed through gates along the 5 miles (8.0 km) long fort wall, namely, Delhi Gate, the Lal Gate, the Agra Gate and Birbal's Gate, Chandanpal Gate, The Gwalior Gate, the Tehra Gate, the Chor Gate and the Ajmere Gate. If we look carefully to city architecture, we will discover that all important buildings are centrally located, close to each other like Salim Chishti tomb, Jodha Bai Palace, Panch Mahal, Diwan-i-am, Diwan-i-khas. All major water tanks are located close to entrance gates and some baoli and rain-harvesting water tanks are located at centralized locations, in ridge area. Ridge is an elevated landscape thus it was considered suitable for construction. All important palaces are in north of huge mosque. In south of mosque complex, we can find the Fatehpur Sikri village area. Delhi darwaza lies in north of city and Agra darwaza lies in north-east of city. Tourists mainly reaches through Agra gate and car parking is close to it. In south of Fatehpur Sikri we find less number of buildings as it was away from lake and ridge. Here we can find Gwalior gate. Another popular gate Ajmeri Darwaza lies in south-west of Fatehpur Sikri complex. If we go by the map of city, we will notice that north-east region is more populated and major buildings and complexes are made around it.

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